Pipe and Tubing Recommendations for Pumps
A pump's description may provide a discharge size of 3/4", 1", or some other size. However, this does not mean that you should use this size of tubing or pipe for the discharge. Some pumps come with a step down outlet to allow you a choice when selecting the tubing size to connect to the pump. There are several variables for determining the plumbing size for your pond. The " How to Select a Pump" section of the web site will help you when sizing the plumbing for your application.
As a general rule you can use the following pipe sizes for the average pond:
- For pumps with flows up to 300 gph use 1/2" tubing
- Flows from 300 to 600 gph use 3/4" tubing
- Flows from 600 to 900 gph use 1" tubing
- Flows from 900 to 2200 gph use 1 1/4" tubing
- Flows from 2200 to 3500 gph use 1 1/2" flexible PVC pipe
- Flows from 3500 to 5000 gph use 2" flexible PVC pipe
- Flows from 5000 to 12000 gph use 3" flexible PVC pipe
When connecting a submersible pump in the pond bottom with a flow rate above 2000 gph you may want to use 1 1/4" tubing to come out of the pond (to allow you to easily pick up the pump for cleaning the inlet) and then connect this tubing to a larger size flexible PVC pipe (which is not quite as flexible as tubing) to gain more flow from the pump. When connecting (for instance) 1 1/4" tubing to 1 ½" flex PVC pipe you will need a 1 1/2" coupling, 1 1/2" x 1 1/4" FPT bushing, and a 1 1/4" male insert.